12 Lean Proteins You'll Want to Add to Your Diet

12 Lean Proteins You'll Want to Add to Your Diet

Whether you want to maintain your weight, lose a few pounds, increase your energy level or build muscle, you’ll want to make room on your plate for whole food sources of protein. But like most things, not all proteins are created equal. Lean proteins are your best bet and we’ll break down everything you need to know about this superior protein choice.

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What Is a Lean Protein?

The USDA’s definition of a lean meat protein is one that contains less than 10 grams of total fat and fewer than 4.5 grams or less of saturated fat per portion [100 grams], says Diana Gariglio-Clelland, RD, a registered dietitian in Washington.

 

Lean Protein Foods

Plants are naturally low in fat, so we’ve spotlighted some grains and legumes that are particularly high in protein. Below you’ll find the best sources of protein, and their nutritional information.

 

1. Boneless Skinless Chicken Breast

lean protein foods- chicken breast

Per 3.5-ounces, cooked: 30g protein

The boneless skinless chicken breast is a staple of fitness-friendly and weight-loss eating plans for a reason. Skinless chicken breast is sky-high in protein and low in calories. “Poultry provides vitamin B3 and B6, which helps with carbohydrate metabolism,” says Anis Rehman, MD, an endocrinologist and assistant professor at the Southern Illinois University School of Medicine. “It also provides selenium, which is an excellent antioxidant.” Grill, roast, bake or steam it — just make sure to remove the skin first.

 

2. White Fish

Per 3.5 ounces, cooked: 19g protein

White-flesh fish — e.g. tilapia, cod, flounder and pollock — is protein rich and very lean, with only about 100 calories per 3.5-ounce serving.

Salmon isn’t technically a lean protein, because a 100 gram serving contains about eight grams of fat. However, that’s heart-healthy fat, and salmon contains more omega-3 fatty acids than white fish, so it’s still an excellent option for your diet.

 

3. Pork Loin

Per 3.5 ounces, cooked: 25g protein

The old ad campaign that dubbed pork “the other white meat” was onto something: Lean cuts of pork loin have almost as much protein as chicken, are an excellent source of vitamin B6, and are a good source of potassium and zinc. To ensure you’re buying lean pork, look for the words “loin” or “round” on the label.

 

4. Lean Beef

lean protein- beef

Per 3.5 ounces, cooked: 25g protein

“Lean meat provides an excellent source of protein and iron with fewer calories and less fat than non-lean meat sources,” says Rehman. When buying ground beef, 95% lean or more counts as “lean protein;” opt for grass-fed beef to get the most heart-healthy omega-3 fatty acids.

 

5. Tuna

Per 3.5 ounces, cooked: 19g protein

Canned tuna is an extremely convenient source of lean protein, for lunches or a post-workout snack, with less than two grams of fat per serving. It’s also a good source of omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin D and selenium. Concerned about mercury content? The FDA says canned light tuna is low in mercury, and it’s safe to eat two to three servings per week. This is not the same for albacore/white tuna, which is higher in mercury — it’s recommended you limit to one serving per week.

 

6. Shrimp

Per 3.5 ounces, cooked: 16g protein

Shellfish, including shrimp, is a highly nutritious source of protein: Just one serving of shrimp provides more than half your daily recommended allowance of selenium and vitamin B12.

 

7. Plain Greek Yogurt

lean protein foods- greek yogurt

Per 6-ounce container: 15g protein

A serving of plain Greek yogurt packs 15 grams of protein, compared to nine in regular yogurt. It’s because Greek yogurt is strained, and therefore thicker and more concentrated. Avoid flavored yogurts (extra added sugar), but feel free to add fresh fruit, cinnamon or slivered almonds.

 

8. Eggs

Per 2 large: 12g protein

Eggs are one of the best foods you can eat at any meal. They’re a good source of protein but don’t eat just the whites — the yolk contains half the protein and many of the nutrients including the fat-soluble nutrients like vitamin A, D, and E, as well as choline, lutein and zeaxanthin.

 

9. Beans

Per 1/2 cup, cooked: 5g protein

An excellent lean-protein base for soups, stews or chili (or a topper for salads), beans have five grams of protein in each half-cup. And unlike most other lean proteins, they’re also a source of fiber providing six grams per serving.

 

10. Tofu

healthy protein- tofu

Per 1/2 cup, cubed: 9g protein

There’s a reason why tofu is a vegetarian’s go-to meat substitute — its high protein content. A half-cup serving has nine grams, along with 4.5 grams of fat and only 75 calories.

 

11. Farro

Per 1/2 cup, cooked: 10g protein

If “super grains” existed, farro would likely fall in that bucket. This ancient grain has twice the protein found in quinoa. Like most other whole grains, farro also provides fiber — five grams per half cup.

 

12. Cottage Cheese

lean proteins- cottage cheese

Per 1/2 cup: 11g protein

The favorite of 1970s dieters deserves to be pulled out of the archives and back into your refrigerator. Cottage cheese is exceptionally lean — less than five grams of fat, and about 90 calories per cup serving.

 

What Are the Benefits of Lean Protein?

1. Lean protein may increase satiety. 

Protein helps fill you up, and lean versions do this with less fat and fewer calories.

2. Lean protein may be beneficial to maintain and build muscle.

“Protein is an essential building block for muscles,” says Samantha Presicci, MCN, RD, LD, CPT, lead registered dietitian with Snap Kitchen in Austin, Texas.

3. Lean protein is believed to be linked to weight loss

Because it keeps you feeling full and can help build muscle, lean protein can be a tool to help you lose weight.

4. Lean protein can help to keep the body running efficiently. 

“Some proteins act as enzymes, which help with thousands of biochemical reactions in the body,” says Presicci. “They’re essential for things like digestion, energy production, blood clotting and muscle contraction. Some proteins also act as hormones, helping communication between cells, tissues and organs.”

About

Michael Martin is a New York City-based writer and editor who specializes in health, nutrition and lifestyle reporting. Follow him on Twitter.